The annual census conducted by the state forest department of Uttar Pradesh has revealed that the Sarus crane population in Ghaziabad has been stagnant over the period of five years.
§ The Sarus Crane is the tallest flying bird in the world and was declared as the state bird of Uttar Pradesh (UP) in 2014.
§ It is listed as vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list.
§ According to World Wildlife Fund (WWF), their population is now on the decline with only 15,000-20,000 in India (a majority of which are in UP).
§ The Sarus is listed under schedule IV of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
o Species listed in Schedule IV are protected, but the penalties are much lower.
§ Sarus Cranes are known to live in association with humans and well watered plains, marshland, ponds, and wetlands(like Dhanauri wetland in UP) which are suitable for their forage and nesting.
§ Human activities, habitat loss, predation by feral dogs, mongoose and snakes, and hunting being counted as the major threats to the species.
The project named “Development of Kakinada Hope Island, Konaseema (Andhra Pradesh) as World Class Coastal & Eco Tourism Circuit” which was sanctioned under the Swadesh Darshan Scheme has been completed.
About Hope Island
§ It is tadpole shaped island formed 200 years ago by sand formation in the East Godavari district.
§ It is situated 10 km from Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary and Sri Kukkuteswara Swamy Temple.
The Government of India has taken initiatives towards setting up of Trauma Care Facilities along National Highways, under the scheme “Capacity Building for Developing Trauma Care Facilities on National Highways”.
§ The overall objective of the scheme is to bring down preventable deaths due to road accidents by developing a pan-India trauma care network.
§ The scheme provides for setting up a designated trauma center at every 100 km on NHs.
§ According to this project, road traffic accidents (RTA) cause over 1.27 million deaths a year.
§ Road Traffic injuries are consistently one of the top three causes of death for people aged 5 to 44 years.
§ It is estimated that unless immediate actions are taken road deaths will be the fifth leading cause of death by 2030, leading to an estimated 2.4 million deaths per year.
§ Over 90% of the world’s fatalities on the roads occur in low-income and middle-income countries, which have only 48% of the world’s vehicles.
§ In India, accidental injury is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity.
§ India has just one per cent of total vehicles in the world but accounts for six per cent of total road accidents.
Gharial (Gavial or fish eating crocodile):
Context: Odisha renews effort to revive gharial population.
- Critically Endangered— IUCN Red List.
- The male gharial has a distinctive boss at the end of the snout, which resembles an earthenware pot.
- Habitat— foremost flowing rivers with high sand banks that they use for basking and building nests.
- Gharials once inhabited all the major river systems of the Indian Subcontinent, from the Irrawaddy River in the east to the Indus River in the west. Their distribution is now limited to only 2% of their former range
- India: Girwa River, Chambal River, Ken River, Son River, Mahanadi River, Ramganga River
- Nepal: Rapti-Narayani River
- Threats: Hunting for skins, trophies and indigenous medicine, and their eggs collected for consumption,Decrease of riverine habitat as dams, barrages, irrigation canals and artificial embankments were built; siltation and sand-mining changed river courses
- Shedule 1 species under Indian wildlife act, 1972.
- Project Crocodile began in 1975 (Government of India+ United Nations Development Fund + Food and Agriculture Organization) — intensive captive breeding and rearing program.
- Protected areas: National Chambal Sanctuary and Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary.