Reservation of Limboo and Tamang Communities:
Context: A proposal for reservation of seats for Limboo and Tamang communities in Sikkim Legislative Assembly is under consideration of the Government of India.
Article 371F(f) and Article 332 of the Constitution of India govern reservation of seats in the Legislative Assembly of Sikkim and the issue of seat reservation for Limboo and Tamang communities are being considered under these provisions of Constitution of India.
The Limbu are Kirati people indigenous and native to the Himalayan Limbuwan region of the Indian subcontinent, in what is now modern-day Eastern Nepal, Northern Sikkim, India and Western Bhutan.
The Tamang are the largest Tibetic ethnic group of Nepalis and Indian Gorkhas. Traditionally Buddhist by religion. Indian Tamangs are also a significant number in Sikkim and Darjeeling. Peculiar to Tamang people are complex marriage restrictions within the community.
Context: Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has distributed over 1.10 lakh bee-boxes across India in last one and half years under its Honey Mission. This has created over 11,000 new jobs for the farmers, unemployed youths and tribal people; 430 metric tonnes of honey worth Rs 4 crore has been extracted through these bee-boxes only.
About Honey Mission:
It was launched in August 2017. Under this mission KVIC provides beekeepers:
- Practical training about the examination of honeybee colonies.
- Acquaintance with apicultural equipment.
- Identification and management of bee enemies and diseases.
- Honey extraction and wax purification.
- Management of bee colonies in spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter seasons.
- Loans for setting up processing units, packaging units and labeling units for honey.
In News- Sahiwal cattle:
Sahiwal is considered to be one of the best milch cattle breed of India.
The breed derives its name from Sahiwal area in Montgomery district of Punjab in Pakistan.
These animals are also known as “Lambi Bar”, “Lola”, “Montgomery”, “Multani” and “Teli”.
The molecular mechanism behind latent TB:
Context: Kolkatta Scientists figure out the molecular mechanism behind latent TB. Scientists have figured out how tuberculosis bacterium is released from its reservoir inside the human body.
How it occurs?
A macrophage is an important part of the immune system. The word ‘macrophage’ literally means a ‘big eater’. It is an amoeba-like organism and its job is to clean the body of microscopic debris and invaders. It has an innate ability to locate and consume invaders such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
However, the story is different with TB bacterium. Instead of killing it, the macrophage creates a sac-like formation called granuloma around it. Granuloma keeps the bacillus contained and under control. The equilibrium can last for even several decades until it gets broken leading to the release of infectious bacteria into the human body. This can happen due to several reasons such as lowered immunity because of physical weakness or infections such as HIV.
Spent pot lining (SPL):
Spent pot lining (SPL) from the aluminium industries is produced by smelting plants.
It contains a high level of cyanide and fluoride and is carcinogenic in nature and must be scientifically utilized or detoxified.
It has also been classified as hazardous waste under the Schedule to the Hazardous Waste Management Rules, 2016.